Does more protons mean more attraction?
Trend: In general, the size of an atom will decrease as you move from left to the right of a certain period. Reasoning: More protons, more attraction, increase effective nuclear charge, smaller radius. Down a Group (column) Trend: In general, the size of an atom will increase as you move down a group.
Do more protons mean more electrons?
If an object has more protons than electrons, then the net charge on the object is positive. If there are more electrons than protons, then the net charge on the object is negative. If there are equal numbers of protons and electrons, then the object is electrically neutral.
Do protons attract electrons?
Protons have a positive charge. … The charge on the proton and electron are exactly the same size but opposite. Neutrons have no charge. Since opposite charges attract, protons and electrons attract each other.
Who attracts more electrons?
If one atom is more electronegative, the electrons of the bond are more attracted to that atom. If one atom is overwhelmingly more electronegative than the other atom, the electrons will not be shared and an ionic bond will result. The periodic table below shows the Pauling electronegativity scale.
Why are protons stronger than electrons?
Originally Answered: Why is a proton bigger than an electron if they have equal charge? Mainly, the proton has ca. 1800 times the mass of the electron. The mass is one property of a particle; the electric charge is another one – the two are really independent of one another.
What is the electron affinity trend?
The electron affinity trend describes the trend across the periodic table and describes how much energy in an atom is released or spent when an electron is added to a neutral atom or the energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a neutral atom.
Why do protons and neutrons attract?
Also, neutrons and protons are made up of tinier particles called quarks. And it is the quarks that exchange force carrying particles between each other to give rise to the strong force. … The strong force also attracts protons to protons or neutrons to neutrons.
Why is proton equal to electron?
Actually the proton and electron count of an atom are equal only when the atom is neutral in charge. … The electrons are found in orbitals surrounding the nucleus. In order for the atom to remain electrically neutral the protons and electrons must balance each other.
Do electrons always equal protons?
Heavier atoms tend to have more neutrons than protons, but the number of electrons in an atom is always equal to the number of protons.
Do protons attract protons?
The positively-charged protons repel each other and aren’t electrically attracted or repelled to the neutral neutrons, so you may wonder how the atomic nucleus sticks together and why protons don’t fly off.
Do protons attract other protons?
Protons do not attract each other; they repel each other all the time as you would expect from their all positive ‘like-charges’, but are kept from flying apart by gluons !! Gluons are the (intra-nuclear) strong nuclear force field exchange particles that hold the protons together.
Do neutrons attract protons?
Protons and neutrons aren’t electrically attracted to each other, but when they get close enough they can exchange particles called mesons and become bound together by the strong force. … Protons electrically repel each other because of their positive charge.
What are protons attracted to?
What are protons attracted to? Protons and electrons stick to each other as much as they can, but kinetic energy and quantum mechanics keep them from holding still. Protons and electrons are attracted to each other because the positive electric charge of the proton is attracted to the negative charge of the electron.
How do you attract electrons?
Electronegativity is a property that describes the tendency of an atom to attract electrons (or electron density) toward itself. An atom’s electronegativity is affected by both its atomic number and the size of the atom. The higher its electronegativity, the more an element attracts electrons.
What atoms are most able to attract electrons?
All elements are compared to one another, with the most electronegative element, fluorine, being assigned an electronegativity value of 3.98. Fluorine attracts electrons better than any other element.